Every month I carefully track the most popular and significant environmental history articles, videos, audio, and other items making their way through the online environmental history (#envhist) community. You can watch all of our #EnvHist Worth Reading videos right here. Here are my choices for items most worth reading from July 2016:
One of the most popular items this past month, this post features a “new map exhibit at Harvard celebrating the 100th anniversary of the formation of the National Parks Service.” The article features several visually-stunning maps from the collection and provides background information for each. The article and exhibit effectively illustrate the richness of historical maps that expands far beyond coordinates.
In this article, Alan MacEachern starts and builds on the 19th-century association of Banff, Scotland (Banff, Alberta’s namesake) to the fires of hell. MacEachern artfully boils down the recreation/preservation debate to an accessible and enjoyable read, concluding that “The spotlight of attention that Banff National Park receives ensures it will continue to be a site of intense human use and intense protection. Not heaven, but not hell either, Banff exemplifies the contradictions inherent in maintaining inviolable a place for people, the contradiction at the heart of the national park idea.”
In this article on Atlas Obscura, Cara Giaimo interviews Manitoba’s official toponymist, Des Kappel and highlights thow the natural world and the cultural labels, most namely “names” (pun intended), that we place on them are inextricably intertwined. The article points out the way in which names are important for accessing natural resources and for protecting them. It also talks about how Kappel is attempting to name the approximately 90,000 unnamed lakes in Manitoba, including recent initiatives focused on unearthing Cree and Assiniboine names.
This study challenges the nature/culture divide and demonstrates the way in which humans and animals have evolved together. The study is focused on the bird species, the greater honeyguide, in Mozambique. “The greater honeyguide,” Russell McLendon writes, “responds by leading the human to a wild beehive, where both can feast on honey and wax. The bird does this without any training from people, or even from its own parents.” This example of mutualism between humans and animals is rare according to the article, but I think it is an interesting concept/natural phenomena for environmental historians to explore.
This article highlights the potential consequences of keeping exotic animals. When renowned drug lord, Pablo Escobar, was killed in 1993, his hippos were left behind at his estate, Hacienda Nápoles, and have proceeded to breed profusely. Sarah Emerson writes that “Escobar’s captive hippos were never meant for the rivers and estuaries of northern Colombia, yet since his death they’ve behaved as wild animals are wont to: by vigorously breeding and multiplying, slowly establishing themselves as the largest invasive species in the world.”